A Critical Analysis : Does Creatine Affect Bone Density?

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Impact And Factors: Does Creatine Affect Bone Density?

Creatine is a dietary supplement commonly used by athletes to help improve performance. It has been found to increase muscle mass and strength, as well as enhance recovery from exercise. While the effects of creatine on muscle have been extensively studied, its potential impact on bone density is less clear. Here, we'll look at what research suggests about the relationship between creatine supplementation and bone health in athletes and non-athletes alike. We'll also discuss possible risks associated with taking creatine supplements and how to use them safely.

Creatine Monohydrate And Bone Health

Creatine in the body plays an important role in muscle mass growth and repair, as well as energy production. Creatine supplementation has been studied as a potential method of improving bone density in athletes and other active individuals.

Studies have shown that increasing creatine monohydrate intake can lead to increases in bone mineral density. A study of postmenopausal women found that supplementing with creatine for six months increased their lumbar spine bone mineral density. Moreover, a review of 14 studies found that supplementation with creatine was associated with increases in hip and total body bone mineral densities.

Here are some effects of creatine monohydrate on bone health:

What Does Creatine Do To Help Improve Bone Density?

While some research has suggested that creatine can improve bone density, there is no clear evidence that it will prevent osteoporosis. Currently, the best way to maintain healthy bones is to engage in regular physical activity and eat a well-balanced diet. Additionally, if you are at risk of developing osteoporosis, other lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking and reducing alcohol intake, can help reduce bone loss.

How Does Creatine Help Form New Bones?

Creatine helps the body form new bone tissue by activating enzymes responsible for the production of proteins and glycoproteins. As these proteins and glycoproteins are produced, they help build new bones from existing material in the body. By increasing creatine intake, it is possible to speed up this process, leading to an increase in total bone mineral density.

Does Taking Creatine Supplements Increase Bone Density?

Creatine supplementation has been studied as a potential method of increasing bone mineral density in athletes and active individuals. Studies have consistently shown that higher creatine intake is associated with boosts in bone mineral density, particularly in the lumbar spine and hip regions. Research on creatine benefits is ongoing, and more studies are needed to determine the potential benefits of creatine for bone health.

Does Creatine Indirectly Affect Body Composition Changes?

Creatine supplementation has been studied as a potential method of increasing muscle mass and strength. Research suggests that creatine can lead to increases in muscle size, strength, and power. Additionally, increased muscle mass often leads to improved body composition and reduced fat mass. As such, it is possible that creatine could indirectly improve bone mineral density by affecting body composition changes. 

Factors That Affect Bone Density

Several factors can influence bone density, including lifestyle, diet, genetics, and medical conditions. Here are the most essential factors to consider when it comes to bone health:


Bone density is the amount of minerals, such as calcium and phosphorus, present in the bones. It naturally peaks during young adulthood and then slowly decreases with age due to a decrease in bone-building cells, collagen production, and hormonal changes. Over time, these changes can lead to reduced bone strength and an increased risk of fracture.


Women tend to have lower bone density than men due to several factors, such as hormonal changes and lifestyle. Women typically experience a peak in bone mineral density during their early thirties, while men reach their peak around age 35. After menopause, when estrogen levels decrease, bone mineral density tends to decline faster in women than in men.


Family history can play a major role in determining bone density. Genes are responsible for the production of various proteins and hormones, such as collagen and estrogen, that are essential for healthy bones. Research suggests that certain genetic mutations can affect bone health and increase the risk of osteoporosis. Additionally, family history can provide insight into lifestyle habits that could be impacting bone health, such as dietary choices or physical activity levels.

Medical Conditions

Several medical conditions can affect bone health, including diabetes, thyroid disorders, celiac disease, and kidney disease. These conditions can lead to hormonal imbalances and deficiencies in calcium and other minerals needed for healthy bones. Additionally, certain medications used to treat these conditions can also cause bone loss over time. It is important to get advice from your doctor if you have a medical condition and are concerned about your bone health.

Physical Activity

Regular physical activity is one of the best ways to maintain healthy bones. Weight-bearing activities, such as walking, running, and resistance training, increase bone density by stimulating the production of bone-building cells. Additionally, physical activity can help maintain muscle strength and coordination, decreasing the risk of falls and fractures.


A healthy diet is essential for strong bones. Calcium is the most important mineral for maintaining bone health, so it's important to get enough calcium through dietary sources such as dairy products, leafy greens, and fortified foods. Additionally, adequate amounts of vitamin D are essential for calcium absorption and bone health. The body can produce vitamin D in response to sun exposure, so it's important to get outside regularly.

Alcohol Consumption

Heavy alcohol intake can have a negative effect on bone mineral density and increase the risk of fractures. Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to a decrease in calcium absorption as well as hormonal imbalances that affect bone health. Additionally, regular heavy drinking can interfere with weight-bearing exercises that are important for maintaining healthy bones.

Scientific Studies Investigating The Impact Of Creatine On Bone Density

There were several scientific studies investigating the potential positive impact of creatine on bone density. Here are a few examples:

Creatine Supplementation And Bone Health In Older Women, 2020

A 2020 study issued in the journal Nutrients found that creatine supplementation in postmenopausal women resulted in significant growth in bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine as well as the femoral neck compared to a placebo group. The study concluded that creatine may be a beneficial supplement for improving bone health in this population.

Effectiveness Of Creatine Supplementation On Aging Muscle And Bone, 2019

A 2019 study in the Journal of Aging Muscle and Bone investigated the effects of creatine supplementation on bone density and strength in male mice. The study found that creatine supplementation resulted in significant increases in both bone mass and strength compared to a control group, suggesting a potential positive impact of creatine on bone health.

Osteoporosis International Journal, 2018

A 2018 systematic review and meta-analysis issued in the journal Osteoporosis International analyzed the results of nine randomized controlled trials investigating the effects of creatine supplementation on bone density in healthy adults. The review found that creatine supplementation was associated with a small but statistically significant increase in lumbar spine BMD, suggesting a potentially positive impact on bone health.

It's important to note that while these studies suggest a potential positive impact of creatine on bone density, the evidence is still limited and conflicting results exist.

Implications And Recommendations Of Creatine Monohydrate Intake 

Implications and recommendations regarding creatine intake for bone health can be derived from the available evidence, but it is important to note individual variations. Here are some implications and recommendations based on the current understanding:

Consult With A Healthcare Professional

Before starting any creatine supplementation regimen, it is crucial to consult with a healthcare advisor, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking important medications that may interact with creatine monohydrate.

Dosage Considerations 

It is necessary to consider the recommended dosage for creatine supplementation based on age, weight, optimal time, and other factors. It is also recommended to start with a low dose and increase gradually over time to assess personal tolerance.

Consider Age And Gender

The impact of creatine on bone health may vary based on age and gender. For example, postmenopausal women and older individuals may potentially benefit more from creatine supplementation due to age-related declines in bone density.

Combine Creatine With Exercise

Engaging in regular weight-bearing exercises, such as resistance training, while supplementing with creatine may enhance the potential positive effects on bone health. Exercise is known to stimulate bone remodeling and improve bone density.

Optimize Nutritional Intake

While creatine may have potential benefits for bone health, it should not replace a balanced and nutritious diet. Ensure that you meet your daily nutrient requirements, including an adequate intake of calcium, vitamin D, and other nutrients for bone health.

Regular Bone Density Assessments

If you are thinking about your bone health or considering creatine supplementation for this purpose, it may be beneficial to have regular bone density assessments (such as dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry or DEXA scans) to monitor changes and evaluate the effectiveness of any interventions.

Shop Creatine Monohydrate Supplementation For The Best Quality

At Create, we ensure that our creatine monohydrate supplements are of the highest quality and contain no contaminants or impurities. We also offer a 100% satisfaction guarantee, so you can trust that you're getting something safe and effective. These supplements are available in gummy form, so you can start supplementing with confidence.